The International Writers Magazine: FILM ISSUES
defence of 'Film' Kulture
is something that amuses, pleases, or diverts, especially a performance
or show. Within some forms of entertainment someone is expressing
an idea. Some of these ideas capture the imagination of the audience;
they become fixed in history and ultimately have power to affect
culture. Culture relates to the shared knowledge and values of
People have been
creating these genres for years and it can never quite be defined as
to why they started it. It can be argued that film and literature, for
example, were created to be consumed by the audience and reader for
Nowadays though, it is on the increase, but for another reason. As salaries
increase so does our throw away income. "We have disposable
disposable income, i.e. Income we can "throw away"
because it is not required for necessities. The more income we can "throw
away", the higher our status in Consuming Society." It means
that people have spare money and it is likely to be spent
on luxuries, such as a trip to the cinema to see a film, or a new book
to read. So this money is being spent on the entertainment industry
and the films and art must be produced to meet this demand.
entertainment develops into more than just a consumed piece of work.
Sometimes the messages in them can permanently affect society. For example,
the film Schindlers list (1993, Steven Spielberg.) is an
historical drama that was created to reflect events of the holocaust
of World War II. It tells the compelling true story of the German
a saviour of more than 1,100 Jews. Was
the film created for the message that it illustrates? Spielberg hopes
that it will remain a living reminder of the horror of hatred.
"I hope it'll be used to educate young people as to the ultimate
dangers of how far hate can take us
this is a living example and
there are still witnesses that are alive that survived it."
(Spielberg, March 18th 2004. Katie Couric interview for MSNBC.)
He decided that in his power as a director he could produce a piece
of non-profit work that would educate the audience in the history of
their country. Spielberg was clever in his approach to such a sensitive
subject; he used witnesses to support something that might otherwise
have been approached with a lax attitude by the audience. "There
are survivors who can testify to those facts
sort of give support
to the credibility that the film needs. I mean anything about history
needs that credible reinforcement of eyewitness testimony."
Some creators of art music, film and literature take a different approach.
They create entertainment for the sake of entertaining an audience.
Animators use drawings and various techniques to show movement. By showing
a series of frames, (24 frames per second. See below) each one slightly
different to the last, the illusion of seamless movement is created.
These early films evolved to run at 24 Frames Per Second, which
has been the standard for close to a century. Celluloid (a type
of plastic) was developed around 1913. This improved the efficiency
of animation production. The creators were now able to sandwich
moving characters between layers of material, which are transparent
except for the drawing on them. Parts of a scene could remain motionless
(a table for instance) and the characters could move around it. It saved
unnecessary repeated drawings.
One such animator creating entertainment for amusement was Walt Disney.
"We are not trying to entertain the critics. I'll take my chances
with the public." (Disney.) He developed another aspect in animation,
sound. His first movie cartoon was Steamboat Willie in 1928.
In it Mickey is a roustabout on a river steamer. When a goat eats
the sheet music, Mickey and Minnie use various objects to create music.
This is an example of the synopsis. It is clear that there is no hidden
meaning and no lesson to be learnt from observing it.
As head of Walt Disney productions, Disney wanted to inspire everyone
to follow their own dreams. He disregarded age and saw no limits to
peoples imagination and innocence. "Sheer animated fantasy
is still my first and deepest production impulse. The fable is the best
storytelling device ever conceived and the screen is its best medium."
To conclude, "In defence of art, music, film and literature, why
do people create it and why do we consume it?" I believe, from
my readings, that they can be created just for fun, to provide fun.
Some creators are just trying to inspire the innocent in a light-hearted
way. (Disney, for example.) Others are taking on a greater challenge
when creating their works. (E.g. Spielberg.) They want to broadcast
an influential piece in the hope of persuading or warning an audience.
I also believe that they can either be consumed for pleasure, a simple
form of entertainment. Or they can be consumed for a more educational
purpose. These genres can be an ideal way of communicating ideas and
© Danielle Ward Jan 19th 2005
Danielle is a Creative
Arts student at Portsmouth University
all rights reserved